What Is Traumatic Brain Injury, How To Avoid It
Every year millions of people suffer a traumatic brain injury. About 75% are caused by road accidents, the leading cause of death of young people between 15 and 20 years. Other possible causes of head injuries are accidental falls, domestic accidents, sports or at work, assaults.
Head injury is a leading cause of death and disability when you consider the damage as traumatic brain injury. The cranial injuries can be open or closed (with penetration). A closed head injury means; that a hard objects hitting the head, but not fracture the skull.
An open head injury means that an object hit the skull and entered the brain. Usually, this occurs when you receive a high-speed fail, for example the impact against the windshield during a car accident. It can also happen with a gunshot to the head. Trauma is a leading cause of death in children over one year in the US.
The most common case
craniocerebral trauma: it is produced by a sharp blow to the skull causing a disturbance of consciousness and can cause a skull fracture.
stroke or strokes: the problems are caused by cerebral risks like blocks the arteries. In these cases speak of cerebral thrombosis
cerebral hypoxia. a brain injury is caused by lack of oxygen in the brain and one of the most common reasons is the cardiac arrest
tumors. brain tumors causing brain injuries that prevent the body’s control. Its soft tissue mass growing in the brain of the person and can develop localized or metastatic.
Encephalitis. It is produced by infection with a cold. This infection affects the brain, particularly the frontal and temporal lobes. This cause of brain injury causes great emotional changes, cognitive and behavioral.
Today, iltrauma brain injury is a leading cause of disability and cognitive impairment, especially in children and young adults. It ‘interesting that men suffer brain injuries more often than women. Causes and symptoms are varied depending on the type of lesion. The causes are falls, traffic accidents, violence and sports.
Several brain injury can have a significant impact on cognition and cognitive skills. Shaped maintain cognitive abilities is an important aspect of brain health and thus the quality of life.
Signs and symptoms of concussion
Some symptoms are evident immediately, while others do not manifest until after a few days or weeks after the injury.
The patient may remain in a state of consciousness or may lose consciousness for a few seconds or minutes. The person may also feel confused or a little ‘ “strange” for a few days or weeks after the initial damage. Other symptoms include:
- mental confusion,
- feeling light-headedness,
- double vision, blurred vision or tired eyes,
- hearing ringing,
- bad taste in the mouth,
- fatigue or lethargy,
- a change in sleep patterns,
- changes in behavior or mood,
- problems with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking
- Loss of consciousness, confusion or sleepiness;
- Low breathing rate or drop in blood pressure;
- Fractures in the skull, facial bruising, swelling at the site of the accident, the scalp or wound;
- Bleeding from the nose, mouth or ears;
- Severe headache;
- Initial improvement followed by deterioration of the symptoms;
- Irritability (especially in children), personality changes or unusual behavior;
- Agitation, clumsiness, lack of coordination;
- Speech confused or blurred vision;
- Inability to move one or more limbs;
- Stiff neck or vomiting;
- Changes in the pupils;